In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution?


*Emancipation Proclamation: Started the reform movement to free all blacks
*15th Amendment: Blacks given right to vote- rights
*Jim Crow Laws: Kept discrimination and poor treatment for blacks even after they were freed
*Secession of the South: A new need to unify the U.S and please everyone
*Pacific Railway Act: New Transcontinental Railroad- Transportation reformation
*13th Amendment: Abolished slavery
*14th Amendment: Citizenship to slaves
*Compromise of 1877: Ended Reconstruction
*Black Codes: Designed to regulate affairs of emancipated blacks.

* KKK: The KKK started their own movement towards reform with the removal of non-whites. Once people saw how terrible what they were doing was, it helped with the Civil Rights Movement.
*Lincoln's Assassination: New president was put in power.
*Impeachment of President Johnson: Want for less government corruption
*Freedman's Bureau: Many Northern ablolitionists who rised their lives to help freedman in the south.

*Little Big Horn: Turned whites against the Indians
*Civil War: Without the war, there would be no need to change what was already in place.

Thesis Statements:

1) From the time period 1860 -1877, the start of the Civil War to the end of Reconstruction, the United States went through a period of revolution. Many constitutional, social, and even military developments aided to the reform movement. Events like the Emancipation Proclamation and the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments influenced constitutionally. Socially, groups like the KKK and events like Lincoln's Assassination helped with the process. As did military endeavors such as Little Big Horn and, most importantly, the Civil War. All of these things led to a huge reform revolution in America.

2) During the Civil War and the time period during Reconstruction, there was no real revolution in America. One of the main reasons of this is because the Jim Crow Laws kept discrimination still in place even after the abolition of slavery with the 13th Amendment. Also, the KKK promoted violent racial wars, therefore inhibiting the reformation process.